Protestantism, which grew out of that Reformation, has faced four major controversies during the present century that are directly related to what is known as Christian Fundamentalism:
1. The first of these was the conflict between liberalism and orthodoxy. This sharp controversy during the first thirty years of this century pointed up the radical differences between those who denied the historic view of the Bible and its cerntral teachings and those who defended against these attacks. The terms Fundamentals and Fundamentalist were coined to describe those who adhere tenaciously to the historic position. The Bible and its foundational doctrines were the issues.
2. Neo-evangelicalism, which arose in the middle of this century, is a further attempt to bridge the gap between liberalism and Fundamentalism that neo-Orthodoxy had attempted to close. At stake is the issue of ecclesiastical separation. It is very divisive.
3. The Charismatic movement, which is a complete misunderstanding of and misuse of the spiritual gifts, has also proved to be very divisive. The present day Charismatic emphasis has its roots in the movement that began in 1901 and produced numerous Pentacostal denominations. Since the middle of this century, these false teachings and their divisiveness have spread into the ranks of many churches and denominations, even to some who had been considered Fundamentalists.
4. The translation controversy, which arose from the immediate ranks of Fundamentalism, has created unnecessary confusion and division. This issue focuses on whether the King James Version of the Bible should be the only translation used by Fundamentalists. This controversy is doing more damage to the cause of Christ among Fundamentalists than any of the other controversies.
What interests me is the author’s ability to look over a century of fundamentalist history and narrow down the difficulties into four major controversies. As you read his comments, would you agree that these were the four major problems faced in the 20th Century? And what would you say is the present controversy we are facing?